Learning how to play jazz guitar means learning how to properly outline chord changes using scales, licks, patterns and other melodic ideas in your lines and phrases.
While learning how to play jazz guitar scales over ii-V-I chords is an important tool for any jazz guitarist to explore, often times learning the arpeggio for each chord can be just as helpful in building interesting and appropriate jazz-guitar lines over any chord progression.
Though playing the arpeggio for each chord is a great way to outline each change in a progression, it can quickly become a bit boring if we simply stick to the exact notes in the arpeggio.
So, in today’s lesson we’ll be explore ways that you can add Enclosures to your jazz guitar arpeggios in order to properly outline chord progressions, while keeping things interesting at the same time.
In this lesson we will focus on one type of enclosure, adding a half-step above and a half-step below each note that we are targeting in our lines.
So, if you want to target the root of each chord in a ii-V-I progression in C major, you would play Eb-C#-D for Dm7, Ab-F#-G for G7 and Db-B-C for Cmaj7.
If you would like to explore this concept further, various enclosures and how to apply them to your jazz guitar lines, check out my in-depth article “Building Bebop Vocabulary – Enclosures for Jazz Guitar.”
Click to download the PDF for this Jazz Guitar Arpeggio Enclosures Lesson.
The first interval that we will enclose is the root of each chord, as applied to a ii-V-I chord progression in the example below.
As with any new concept, learn this idea as written in C, then take it to other keys with the same fingering, at various tempos. Followed by adding a root enclosure to other fingerings you know for these arpeggios, and finally using this enclosure to build lines in your jazz guitar solos.
Once you have this idea/concept under your fingers and in your ears, feel free to move on to the next enclosure in this lesson. If you have this enclosure down, it will make learning and applying all of the other enclosures much easier when you tackle them in the jazz guitar woodshed.
Here is an example fingering for how you would apply enclosures to the 3rd of each chord in a ii-V-I chord progression.
After you have learned this approach in the key of C major, practice bringing it to other keys around the neck. As you do, try picturing the 3rd of each chord and targeting that note with an enclosure instead of only memorizing the fingering below.
Knowing a fingering for this, or any, enclosure can be very helpful when learning to apply this concept to your jazz guitar licks and phrases.
But, if you can develop the skill to recognize any interval in an arpeggio and then add in an enclosure by targeting that note in your lines, that is when these exercises become truly beneficial for your jazz guitar playing.
You can also add enclosures to the 5th of each chord you are using in your soloing lines. In the following example you can see an enclosure added to the ii, V and I of a ii-V-I progression in the key of C Major.
Work this enclosure out in the example fingering below, then take it to any other 1 or 2 octave arpeggio fingerings you know for these chords, as well as bring the progression to other keys in your practice routine.
The last single enclosure we can explore is the 7th of each chord, we will stick to the basic Root-3rd-5th-7th arpeggio in this lesson rather than add extensions at this point in your exploration of enclosures.
If you feel that you have a strong command of enclosures on each of those four intervals, in both a technical and improvisational context, then feel free to explore adding enclosures to Extended Jazz Guitar Arpeggios as well, such as the 9th, 11th and 13th of each chord.
To finish up our exploration of applying enclosures to arpeggios, here is an example of using two enclosures over each chord in a ii-V-I chord progression.
I have chosen the root and 5th for this example, as they tend to sound the best and be the easiest intervals to use when combining 2 enclosures over 1 chord.
Try working this pattern out in the key of C, and in the example fingering below, before moving on to other keys and fingerings across the neck in your practice routine.
As well, make sure to learn this from a technical standpoint, but also to put on a ii-V-I backing track and use these enclosures to build lines in an improvisational context as well.
Here is an example of these different Arpeggio Enclosures in action, as applied to a Jazz Blues Chord Progression in the key of Bb.
Start by learning this sample solo as written, in various tempos and perhaps in various octaves across the fretboard.
Once you can play it from memory, put on a Bb Jazz Blues backing track and try playing this solo for the 1st chorus, then improvise your own lines in the 2nd chorus. Continue to alternate between the written solo and your own solo as you begin to integrate these lines more organically into your own playing.
Click to hear audio for this solo.
To help get you started on your exploration of Arpeggio Enclosures, from both a technical and improvisational standpoint, here are some of the ways I like to work these ideas out in the practice room.
Have a question or comment about this lesson? Visit the Arpeggio Enclosure thread at the MWG Forum.
Click any link below for answers to the 9 most frequently asked questions that I receive from readers, students, workshop participants and Facebook followers about how to learn jazz guitar.
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